coast, as well as in North America and Europe, is reaching a fever pitch. But unfortunately, there is unprecedented pressures including coastal pollution and global warming, overexploitation of natural resources as well as the destruction of habitat that hamper seaweed diversity around the globe. The Nature Conservancy However, this is not an industry without challenges. Their . The story of seaweed here in Maine, and how it is evolving into what some are calling Maine's new cash crop, is part of a global story. Sequester millions of tons CO 2. Seaweed farming or Kelp farming is the practice of cultivating and harvesting seaweed. Procuring wild feed is currently one of the highest costs for commercial abalone farms. The positive impacts of kelp farming include socioeconomic benefits through provision of jobs and enhanced coastal protection. The benefits of seaweed extracts to crops have previously been reviewed in the context of the northern hemisphere, but not in the context of Australia, its crops and unique stressors. The Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying will set up a seaweed park in Tamil Nadu to improve the livelihood of fishermen. Impact. It also is an option to sustainably increase the global food supply by as much as 10% by 2050 according to the World Bank. Figure 1. But it is also intensely local. There is significant variability in the estimates because of the wide diversity of farms considered. In its simplest form, it consists of the management of naturally found batches. [4]

In these cases, the impact of seaweed farming goes beyond its economic benefits to communities as it reduces the incentives for overfishing. This livelihood is mostly participated by couples to augment their income for family's subsistence. Seaweed farming, along with tourism and fishing, is considered an important direct-use value for coastal and marine ecosystems generating positive, net present values. The farming of Kappaphycus spp. Sri Lanka used to have a prominent seaweed market in the . nature and its benefits, adopting an inclusive approach to values (cultural, health, economic, holistic, etc. In its most advanced form, it consists of fully controlling the life cycle of the algae. in coastal marine waters has brought significant socio-economic benefits to coastal communities and fishermen. Substituting 1% of current animal feed with farmed seaweed could increase demand by 16 times while improving animal health and potentially reducing methane emissions. In fact, according to coauthor . In 2012, only 792,383 t were harvested, comprising only 4% of all seaweed use. One part of getting more people to appreciate the myriad ecological, economic and nutritional benefits of seaweed, Smith says, is to get people to drop the name "seaweed." . Contribute to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). World Bank analysis shows that expanding seaweed farming in these and other tropical areas has potential to further boost local incomes, food security and environmental health. The range for seaweed aquaculture is $753-10,110 per acre each year. Photo courtesy of Cascadia Seaweed. PRESS RELEASE Accelerating the transition to sustainable and organic agriculture via Blue Farming Schiedam, 18 May 2021 - Today The Seaweed Company launches Blue Farming, a concept that uses the "blue" power of the sea to make agricultural lands and farms more sustainable. All types of seaweeds contain valuable proteins that, with the proper technology, can be used in foods and other products. DEF is providing a social loan (with favourable conditions for the lender) to enable this pioneering seaweed farming company to establish. shrimp, crabs, and lobster), and echinoderms (e.g. So conclude the authors of a new study into the economic benefits of farming Gracilaria seaweed along the coast of Gujarat. Seafood includes any form of food taken from the sea..

For shellfish, the value of that ecosystem service is estimated at $1,321-7,739 per acre each year. The lipid portion is typically 1-5% of dry matter (Kim 2012). An interesting and important trend in terms of the sustainability (both ecological and economic) of the seaweed industry is the growth in seaweed farming as well as a decline in seaweed wild harvest. It wouldn't only be extremely beneficial for our overpopulated planet, but for the sea world too. Currently more than 114,1000 tonnes of dry Gracilaria (a genus of red algal agarophyte . Discover Seaweed also connects agriculture to the sea as an alternative feed and fertilizer, buffers coasts against storms, and acts as a carbon sink by capturing carbon dioxide and literally sinking to the bottom of the ocean. Seaweed farming, unlike many other forms of aquaculture, results in little impact, or risk of impact, to the surrounding natural environment. Unlike cheaper imports, their seaweed is locally grown in a protected natural area with no added chemicals: every tide feeds it with nutrients from the North Sea and nearby fish farms. Higher productivity per unit area. . We have developed coupled biophysical and technoeconomic models to begin answering these questions. appropriate times and plant stages for their application and for defining the optimal dosages required to maximise both farm productivity and economic . Kelp Crofting are a seaweed farming business growing kelp in the clear Isle of Skye waters, on the West Coast of Scotland. The livelihoods of coastal fishermen in northwest India could be significantly improved by their diversification into seaweed farming. To combat this, many are switching to seaweed farming, which has provided a new market for the economically challenged. by Dennis Mombauer Courtesy Mongabay Seaweed farming is an increasingly important part of the global food system and provides a range of benefits, including sustainable coastal livelihoods and economic diversification, food production, export revenue, climate change mitigation and adaptation, pollution control, and organic fertilizer. Benefits and significant risks. The Monterey Bay Aquarium, in the framework of its Seafood Watch program, gave a high score of 7.9/10 to cultivated seaweed in 2014. WWF is coordinating a global effort to create public acceptance to operate farms in the ocean, working to develop innovative technologies, and supporting entrepreneurs in advancing this field. Corpus ID: 128227365; Socio-economic dimensions of seaweed farming in Solomon Islands @inproceedings{Kronen2010SocioeconomicDO, title={Socio-economic dimensions of seaweed farming in Solomon Islands}, author={Mecki Kronen}, year={2010} } seaweed farming has the potential to generate further socio-economic benefits to coastal communities in tropical regions. Providing Valuable Habitat In less developed countries, seaweed farming is an essential source of employment and local food production. SUSTAINABLE SEAWEED FARMING PRACTICES Module 2 - Ecosystem Services of Seaweed Cultivation LESSON 2 . by revealing the economic contribution of nature and its services, can heighten public awareness and bolster . a seaweed farm employs seeded nets rather than long-lines.4 In contrast, the risks posed by smaller seaweed farms using long-lines are thought to be low.5 Risks can be minimised if the anchoring lines are kept at high tension, but this requires on-going maintenance of farming sites. Investment and interest in farming seaweed on the B.C.

The productivity, costs, and potential climate benefits of seaweed farming are spatially heterogeneous and scale-dependent, and it is important to evaluate the key sensitivities and trade-offs relevant to investors and decision-makers. As it turns out, seaweed agriculture represents countless opportunities for creating a sustainable environment, as the process itself comes off as beneficial both for the economy as well as for the ocean. The story of seaweed here in Maine, and how it is evolving into what some are calling Maine's new cash crop, is part of a global story. WWF is also partnering with researchers to measure the ecosystem benefits of seaweed farms by examining their uptake of CO 2, nitrogen, phosphorus, and . Seaweed cultivation is an industry with the potential to contribute to economic activity as well as the provisioning of ecosystem services. Socio-economic benefits derived from seaweeds have been already exemplified in the Philippines where approximately 116,000 families consisting of one million individuals were farming more than 58,000 ha of seaweed, making seaweed farming the largest and most productive form of livelihood among the coastal population. Seaweed started to gain economic importance in Tanzania as early as the 1930s, when the wild species were harvested by the local communities for export to Europe and the USA. It is one that weaves together climate change, industrial . The wave-attenuating effect depends on the extent and structure of the seaweed habitat ( Gaylord et al., 2007) as well as the energy involved as seaweed farms will be damaged during high-energy storms. Seaweed cultivation activity has a big potential to contribute in boosting the income of the country as well as enhancing the socio-economic level of the community. Seaweed, or macroalgae, refers to thousands of species of macroscopic, multicellular . 1 In China, in Sanggou Bay, a study 2 demonstrated that large-scale kelp farming had little impact on the sea-life environment. In any case, the scientific literature reinforces The productivity, costs, and potential climate benefits of seaweed farming are spatially heterogeneous and scale-dependent, and it is important to evaluate the key sensitivities and trade-offs relevant to investors and decision-makers. the US exclusive economic zone. . "The most. From an industrial perspective, the biomass can potentially be used in a variety of ways, including the development of complex materials . Farms may provide habitat (e.g. Seaweeds are abundant along the Tamil Nadu and Gujarat coasts and around Lakshadweep and Andaman . Compared to the wild harvests, farming is able to concentrate or increase the productivity per unit area. B. Overview of key climate change mitigation- and adaptation benefits of seaweed farming. 46,000 awarded An off-shore seaweed farming trial aiming to prove the environmental, economic, and community benefits of off-shore kelp farming in Devon and Cornwall, to help them scale along the UK coast. Seaweed farming could also benefit in more directly commercial ways, as it attracts growing interest from various industries. Set up a new seaweed industry. Algal blooms can lead to die offs in fish, crabs, and other aquatic life. Growing seaweed would be a revolutionizing choice bringing significant contributions to the global food supply, would generate revenue, as well as increase the overall quality of the environment. Thanks to attributes such as relatively simple farming techniques, low requirements of capital and material inputs, and short production cycles, carrageenan seaweed farming has become a favourable livelihood source for smallholder farmers or fishers and generated substantial socio-economic benefits to marginalized coastal communities in . Currently more than 114,1000 tonnes of dry Gracilaria (a genus of red algal agarophyte . Seaweed farming can provide huge benefits to consumers as well, and not just as a healthy human . SEATTLE, Washington Worsening land degradation and environmental conditions in the Philippines have caused farmers and fishermen to face economic hardships. Seaweed farms occupied only 0.19 million hectares in 2018. Farming techniques Seaweed is. This article will explore the benefits offered through the practice of seaweed farming, or the cultivation and harvesting of seaweed. In Integrated MultiTrophic Aquaculture (IMTA) . After the commencement of seaweed farming, peoples economic activities were replaced by seaweed farming as the major source of income, followed by subsistence farming and small-scale business.. Before the advent of large-scale seaweed farming, seaweed was foraged only by the coastal communities. Figure 1. The stupendous potential of seaweed farming as a tool to combat climate change was outlined in 2012 by the University of the South Pacific's Dr Antoine De Ramon N'Yeurt and his team. It is one that weaves together climate change, industrial food systems, nature-based solutions, economic challenges, and cross-sector cooperation. Lucey sees the growth of seaweed farming in Connecticut as a key part of a wider initiative to restore the overall health of Long Island Sound as it continues to face . Abate algal blooms. In 2021, the Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) had launched a Seaweed Mission. Uses of Seaweed Farming: They are rich in vitamins and minerals and are consumed as food in various parts of the world They are used for the production of phytochemicals namely agar, carrageenan, and alginate. The global seaweed market size was valued at $4,097.93 million in 2017, and is projected to reach $9,075.65 million by 2024, registering a CAGR of 12.0% from 2018 to 2024. Another study 3 suggests that areas of . But he has incorporated kelp farming into his business plan, and now he and his son, who came up from New York to help with the harvest, stand next to their own. Seaweed farming, unlike many other forms of aquaculture, results in little impact, or risk of impact, to the surrounding natural environment. Seaweed farming in Indonesia is carried out throughout much of the archipelago and is mainly undertaken by smallholder farmers. . First, all seaweed to be fed to the abalone can be produced on site, eliminating the need to harvest wild seaweed populations (Rosen et al., 2000). By an estimate, if seaweed cultivation is done in 10 million hectares or 5% of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area of India, it can Provide employment to 50 million people. Hunt owns a mooring company here. Research found that seaweed aquaculture can help combat eutrophication, the process whereby water becomes so overly enriched with nutrients that it causes excessive algae growth and oxygen . Seaweed Farming: It is the practice of cultivating and harvesting seaweed. Sustainable seaweed farms. 3 8.6 Revenues from seaweed farming 34 . A type of seaweed known as kelp is being developed for its nutritional value and its ability to absorb and lock away huge quantities of carbon dioxide. Seaweed agriculture represents countless opportunities for creating a sustainable environment, as the process itself comes off as beneficial both for the economy as well as for the ocean One of the major advantages of seaweed farming is its renewable nature. Seaweed cultivation's beneficial climate effects far outweigh the fact that it can't completely offset the country's food production greenhouse gas emissions. 8.4 Socio -economic changes for seaweed farming housheolds and communities 27 8.5 Labour requirements and gender participation 31 . ), in ways that . A farm with 100,000 oysters per acre can potentially filter up to 5,000,000 gallons of water per day, per acre. . Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans, prominently including fish and shellfish.Shellfish include various species of molluscs (e.g. "The biggest single threat to the business is not being able to grow fast enough," says Bill Collins of @CascadiaSeaweed. Farmers in Kibuyuni, Kwale County have ventured into seaweed farming in a bid to diversify their income generating activities. Seaweed farming, along with tourism and fishing, is considered an important direct-use value for coastal and marine ecosystems generating positive, net present values. Reduced nitrogen levels in turn reduces rapid growth of harmful algaes that can overwhelm other species and reduce oxygen levels in the water. It also improves water quality by extracting harmful nutrients such as nitrogen from the sea. We synthesized projected farm yield, initial required capital, and annual operating costs through a bioeconomic model to investigate the key factors that will affect the economic feasibility of seaweed aquaculture in southern California (Figure 1).Seaweed growth rate has a major influence on the viability of a farm system and L. setchellii outperformed the other three .

Now the density has increased fourfold to 20,000 kg/ha. When seaweed farming started in the '70s, the propagule density was about 5,000 kg/ha. With growing awareness towards health benefits of seaweed and its . Harvest season is an important determinant of composition. for fish) and support environmental quality through bioremediation (absorption of nutrients and pollutants) and carbon fixation (in seaweed tissues) mitigating climate change. In Integrated MultiTrophic Aquaculture (IMTA) . . BenefitS of Seaweed PRodUCtion The dry-matter composition of seaweeds ranges from 10-30% protein, with red and green seaweeds typically higher than browns (Kim 2012). Nuu-chah-nulth Seafood and Cascadia Seaweed installed their first seaweed farms in Barkley Sound in winter 2019. The income . . Social and economic dimensions of carrageenan seaweed farming2 communities have traditionally been reliant on coastal fisheries and are currently being affected by overexploitation of these resources. It is one that weaves together climate change, industrial . Shared goals of providing economic diversification, employment opportunities and skills training for coastal First Nations communities make for a good partnership, he added. Integrated land-based seaweed/abalone culture has numerous additional economic benefits over non-IMTA systems. It considers it to be one of the best choices in environmentally responsible consumption. 16 Assistance provided for start of activities involved in seaweed farming 38 17 Benefits and potential for households 39 18 Benefits and potential for the community 39 . bivalve molluscs such as clams, oysters and mussels, and cephalopods such as octopus and squid), crustaceans (e.g. the economics of kappaphycus seaweed cultivation in developing countries: a comparative analysis of farming systems by Anicia Hurtado , Daniel Robledo , Eucario Gasca-Leyva , Diego Valderrama , and Mechthild Kronen seaweed farming has the potential to generate further socio-economic benefits to coastal communities in tropical regions. Indonesia is the largest global producer of the red seaweeds Kappaphycus and Eucheuma, which are used to produce .